Jorge Cortés

Professor





Scheduled-asynchronous distributed algorithm for optimal power flow
C.-Y. Chang, J. Cortés, S. Martínez
IEEE Transactions on Control of Network Systems 6 (1) (2019), 261-275


Abstract

Optimal power flow (OPF) problems are non-convex and large-scale optimization problems with important applications in power networks. This paper proposes the scheduled-asynchronous algorithm to solve a distributed semidefinite programming (SDP) formulation of the OPF problem. In this formulation, every agent seeks to solve a local optimization with its own cost function, physical constraints on its nodal power injection, voltage, and power flow of the lines it is connected to, and decision constraints on variables shared with neighbors to ensure consistency of the obtained solution. In the scheduled- asynchronous algorithm, every pair of connected nodes in the electrical network update their local variables in an alternating fashion. This strategy is asynchronous, in the sense that no clock synchronization is required, and relies on an orientation of the electrical network that prescribes the precise ordering of node updates. We establish the asymptotic convergence properties to the primal-dual optimizer when the orientation is acyclic. Given the dependence of the convergence rate on the network orientation, we also develop a distributed graph coloring algorithm that finds an orientation with diameter at most five for electrical networks with geometric degree distribution. Simulations illustrate our results on various IEEE bus test cases.

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Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego
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